Succulent Care Guide

succulent care guide

Succulents have become a beloved choice for plant enthusiasts due to their unique appearance, low maintenance requirements and resilience. Whether you're new to succulent care or looking to enhance your existing knowledge, this guide will cover the fundamental principles of succulent care to help you keep these charming desert plants flourishing in your care.

1. Lighting

Adequate lighting is vital for succulent health.Β These plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Place them near a window or outside where they can receive plenty of natural light. However, avoid exposing them to direct, harsh sunlight for extended periods, as this can scorch their leaves.

If your succulent is growing tall and leggy, it is a sign that it isn't getting enough light. To preventΒ this, you can supplement withΒ indoor grow lightsΒ to keep them growing healthy.

2. Watering

Succulents are well-known for their drought-resistant nature. The most common mistake in succulent care is overwatering. Water your succulents sparingly and allow the soil to dry out completely between watering sessions. Water deeply but infrequently, usually every 2-4 weeks depending on factors like the pot size, drainage and humidity levels. In winter, water less frequently.

A reliable way to prevent overwatering is by using aΒ soil moisture meter.

3. Well-Draining Soil Mix

Succulents prefer a well-draining soil mix to prevent waterlogging. Use a specialised cactus or succulent potting mix or amend regular potting soil with perlite or coarse sand to improve drainage.

4. Minimal Humidity

Succulents are adapted to arid environments, so they thrive in low humidity conditions. Avoid misting them, as too much moisture can lead to rot. Ensure proper ventilation to prevent humidity build-up around your plants.

5. Using Suitable Succulent Pots

Choose pots with drainage holes to allow excess water to escape. Terracotta pots are an excellent choice for succulents because they allow the soil to breathe and dry out more efficiently. Any pot will be fine really, as long as you don't overwater.

6. Fertiliser to Promote Growth

Fertilise sparingly during the growing season (Spring and Summer) using a balanced, water-soluble fertiliser diluted to half the recommended strength. Avoid fertilising during the dormant period (AutumnΒ and Winter).

7. Pruning and Maintenance

Prune your succulents to remove dead or yellowing leaves and encourage a compact, healthy appearance. Over time, you can propagate succulents from cuttings for additional plants.

8. Pest and Disease Management

Succulents are generally resistant to pests and diseases, but it's essential to monitor for issues like mealybugs or aphids.Β Isolate affected plants to prevent issues from spreading and treat them promptly with appropriate solutions, such as insecticidal soap,Β neem oil or specialised plant pest sprays. A solid solution for getting rid of fungus gnats is by usingΒ yellow sticky traps.

9. Temperature

Succulents prefer temperatures between 15-27Β°C during their active growing season. They can tolerate cooler temperatures during their dormant period in fall and winter but should be protected from frost.


With these fundamental principles of succulent care, you'll be well-equipped to nurture a thriving collection of these unique desert plants in your indoor space. Remember that while these guidelines apply broadly to succulents, individual species may have specific preferences, so it's essential to observe and adapt your care routine as needed. With a little attention and patience, you'll enjoy the beauty and charm of healthy succulents enhancing your indoor environment. Happy succulent gardening!

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